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Globalization of the Internet, Sovereignty or Democracy: The Trilemma of the Internet Governance Forum


https://www.cairn.info/revue-francaise-d-etudes-americaines-2012-4-page-114.htm

Peng Hwa Ang et Natalie Pang
Dans Revue française d’études américaines 2012/4 (n° 134), pages 114 à 127

... He presents three scenarios to bolster his argument.

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The first scenario for countries that want deeper economic global integration is to aim for global federalism, where the scope of national politics is aligned with the scope of global markets, which in the present case would be global policy concerns. The experience of the European Union, however, demonstrates the difficulty in achieving global federalism even among relatively like-minded and similar countries.

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The second scenario is to make the country responsive only to the needs of the international economy, or in the present case by analogy, international Internet policy. This is a surrender of national sovereignty and is incompatible with national democracy. With the Internet, it is especially difficult if not impossible to achieve international agreements. The reason for the difficulty is that a large part of the Internet is connected to media or contains media materials. While there is general acceptance of the principle of freedom of speech in Article 19 of the UN Declaration of Human Rights, in practice, law and policy around media content tend to be culture-specific, and the cultural differences are highlighted in a gathering of nations, hence making international agreements difficult. The situation would contrast with, say, agreements over air-travel rights where difficulties tend to be more technical in nature.

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The third scenario is to aim for a limited version of globalization. Rodrik argues that it was “thin” globalization that enabled the Bretton Woods regime of 1944 to work as well as it did till the 1970s, when governments were unwilling or unable to act on capital flows. He argues that “[d]emocracy is compatible with national sovereignty only if we restrict globalization” (2010).... continue..


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